Diabetes and Hypertension: Risk and Connections

Diabetes and Hypertension

Hypertension is the most common among patients with diabetes, with the prevalence depending on the type and duration of diabetes, age, sex and BMI, among other actors. Hypertension is a vital risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heart failure and other complications.

People with diabetes are at least twice as likely to have a high blood pressure than those who don’t have diabetes. Cardiovascular disease and stroke risks increase when you don’t manage hypertension.

Diabetes plus high blood pressure are four times as likely to cause heart disease than neither condition alone.

High Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure is that force pushing against the artery walls. Pumping of blood into the heart result in highest blood pressure. It increases the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke.

Blood pressure is measured by two numbers – Systolic and Diastolic.

Systolic is the pressure exerted on the arterial walls while the heart pumps blood.

Diastolic-number at the bottom is the pressure inside the artery when the heart is at rest and fills with blood.

They are recorded as mm Hg.

According to the National Heart for lung and blood, high blood pressure for adults is:

  • 140/90 mm Hg

The normal blood pressure is as follows:

  • 120/80 mm Hg

You should monitor blood pressure at every routine clinical visit. It would help if you took initial blood pressure measurements in both arms to detect and account for problems that may lead to false blood pressures, such as artery stenosis.

Insulin is a pleiotropic hormone that plays a critical role in developing hypertension, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Insulin’s primary metabolic functions are to increase glucose absorption in skeletal muscle and the heart and to decrease glucose and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) synthesis in the liver.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure:

Noticeable symptoms are sporadic. If the pressure is elevated, a person may experience the following. Each individual may experience the following symptoms.

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision

High blood pressure is prevented by:

  • Reduce salt intake
  • Indulge in stress-relieving activities
  • Regular Exercise
  • Stay at a healthy weight
  • Do away with excessive alcohol
  • Stop smoking and avoid exposure
  • Monitor your BP with BP Operator

Diabetes damages your arteries and makes them the targets for hardening, known as Atherosclerosis. It causes high BP left untreated, can damage your blood vessel or cause heart failure or even damage your kidneys.

In contrast to the regular blood pressure reading, people with hypertension tend to catch:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Stroke
  • Hardening of arteries in the legs and feet
  • Heart failure.

People with diabetes have a blood pressure of no more than 130/80. Firstly, the maximum number of systolic pressure in your arteries is when your heart squeezes and fills the vessels with blood. The second number is diastolic pressure in your arteries when your heart beats, filling itself with blood upon the next contraction.

Many things you do for diabetes help with high blood pressure:

  • Have control over blood sugar
  • Bar smoking
  • Eat to stay healthy
  • Indulge in exercise
  • Keep your weight in the healthy range
  • No alcohol
  • Limit your salt
  • Visit your doctor).

Doctors prescribe ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) to help relax veins and arteries and lower blood pressure. Also, Angiotensin II receptor blockers help relax your veins and arteries, lowering your BP and it becomes easy to pump blood.

Some drugs prevent but also induce kidney diseases in people with diabetes. Some BP drugs may make worsen your blood sugar and lipid levels. Blood pressure medicines also have a lot of side effects. Drugs, often known as water pills, help our body from retention of water.

A diabetic person is either devoid of insulin to process glucose, or else their insulin is ineffective. Insulin allows the body to process and use glucose from food as energy.

When someone has insulin problems, glucose cannot enter their cells to provide energy, accumulating in the bloodstream. It maintains a crucial role in maintaining healthy blood pressure. For example, blood vessels and kidney damage can cause blood pressure to rise.

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